One of the core duties of public health is to track and control communicable diseases. Communicable diseases can be spread person to person, animal to person, and contaminated surfaces to person, such as influenza, noro virus, and many foodborne illnesses such as Salmonella and E. coli.
All hospitals, physicians' offices and laboratories are required to report positive communicable disease information to health departments, per state regulations. Public health investigates illnesses and outbreaks to halt further transmission.
Disease Control & Epidemiology
Epidemiology is the public health science that focuses on evaluating and studying disease spread, control and prevention within populations. At NCHD, we work to detect, investigate, and prevent infectious disease outbreaks within our communities. Our Communicable Disease staff work to collect, analyze and review infectious disease data, and provide public health consultation and education to health care providers and the general public.
NCHD investigates infectious diseases that can be spread from person-to-person, through contact with animals or insects, or through ingesting contaminated food and water. This includes serious diseases such as E. coli, Salmonella, hepatitis A, meningitis, rabies, plague, Tuberculosis, Hanta Virus, and whooping cough (pertussis), just to name a few. When certain diseases are reported to the health department, we work hard to determine where a person got sick and try to prevent further spread of the illness. We also work to prevent the occurrence of diseases in our communities through education to our residents and health care providers.
STD Trends in Northeast Colorado
* All county numbers are combined to protect confidentiality according to CDPHE's Data Release Policy.
†Includes all stages of syphilis:
- Primary and Secondary Syphilis is symptomatic and highly infectious
- Early Latent Syphilis is asymptomatic and not highly infectious
‡ Regardless of stage at diagnosis
By law, certain diseases that have public health consequences must be reported to public health agencies for further investigation and to keep the illness from spreading. Click here for a list of disease that are required to be reported by health care providers and laboratories in Colorado.
If you have questions please call NCHD Headquarters at (970) 522-3741 x1241.
For after hours and weekend public health emergencies, please call the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment answering service for the on-call epidemiologist at (303) 370-9395.